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Refereed International Conference Publications

PID-Comm: A Fast and Flexible Collective Communication Framework for Commodity Processing-in-DIMMs [abstract]
Junguk Hong, Si Ung Noh, Chaemin Lim, Seongyeon Park, Jeehyun Kim, Hanjun Kim, Youngsok Kim, and Jinho Lee
To Appear: The 51st Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA), July 2024.

Recent dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs) are starting to support processing-in-memory (PIM) by associating their memory banks with processing elements (PEs), allowing applications to overcome the data movement bottleneck by offloading memory-intensive operations to the PEs. Many highly parallel applications have been shown to benefit from these PIM-enabled DIMMs, but further speedup is often limited by the huge overhead of inter-PE communication. This mainly comes from the slow CPU-mediated inter-PE communication methods which incurs significant performance overheads, making it difficult for PIM-enabled DIMMs to accelerate a wider range of applications. Prior studies have tried to alleviate the communication bottleneck, but they lack enough flexibility and performance to be used for a wide range of applications. In this paper, we present PID-Comm, a fast and flexible collective inter-PE communication framework for commodity PIM-enabled DIMMs. The key idea of PID-Comm is to abstract the PEs as a multi-dimensional hypercube and allow multiple instances of collective inter-PE communication between the PEs belonging to certain dimensions of the hypercube. Leveraging this abstraction, PID-Comm first defines eight collective inter-PE communication patterns that allow applications to easily express their complex communication patterns. Then, PID-Comm provides high-performance implementations of the collective inter-PE communication patterns optimized for the DIMMs. Our evaluation using 16 UPMEM DIMMs and representative parallel algorithms shows that PID-Comm greatly improves the performance by up to 4.20× compared to the existing inter-PE communication implementations.