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Refereed International Journal Publications

Compiler-assisted Semantic-aware Encryption for Efficient and Secure Serverless Computing [abstract] (SelectiveCrypt, IEEE Xplore, PDF)
Bongjun Kim, Seonyeong Heo, Jaeho Lee, Shinnung Jeong, Yongwoo Lee, and Hanjun Kim
IEEE Internet of Things Journal, Volume 8, Number 7, April 2021.
IF=9.936, Q1 (JCR 2019)

Serverless computing like Function-as-a-Service (FaaS) is attractive for IoT service providers, liberating the providers from server maintenance. Since a data processing function is executed on the cloud instead of a dedicated server in the FaaS platform, the service users send their private data in their IoT devices to the third-party cloud, taking privacy leakage risks. Homomorphic encryption can preserve the privacy by enabling encrypted data processing on the cloud, but using homomorphic encryption for every data item incurs large computation and communication overheads. This work proposes SelectiveCrypt, a compiler-assisted semantic-aware encryption scheme that applies different cryptographic primitives depending on the operations on each data item. SelectiveCrypt homomorphically encrypts data items if arithmetic operations are applied to the data, while SelectiveCrypt encrypts data items with a symmetric key if the data are stored in the cloud without any arithmetic operation. The SelectiveCrypt framework consists of a compiler and its runtime system. The SelectiveCrypt compiler statically analyzes the data processing, determines an appropriate cryptographic primitive for each data item, and automatically transforms arithmetic operations into the homomorphic computation. The SelectiveCrypt runtime encrypts and decrypts the data items according to the static analysis result. This work evaluates the prototype SelectiveCrypt framework with five benchmarks that reflect real-world IoT scenarios. The evaluation results show that the SelectiveCrypt framework successfully reduces response time and communication overhead by 1.59 times and 9.61 times respectively compared with a homomorphic encryption scheme.